The IELTS (International English Language Testing System) Writing module evaluates a test taker’s ability to convey information and ideas in written form. It is one of the four sections of the IELTS exam, alongside Listening, Reading, and Speaking. The Writing module is designed to assess a candidate’s writing skills in different contexts, emphasizing both academic and general communication abilities.
The Writing module consists of two tasks:
Task 1 – Academic: For the Academic version of IELTS, Task 1 requires candidates to interpret and describe visual information, such as graphs, charts, tables, diagrams, or maps. Test takers need to summarize the main trends, compare data, or highlight significant features of the visual data. The task assesses the ability to present factual information in a clear and organized manner.
Task 1 – General: In the General Training version, Task 1 involves writing a letter based on a given situation. This might include writing a formal, semi-formal, or informal letter to convey information, request, or express opinions. The goal is to assess the candidate’s ability to communicate effectively in everyday written situations.
Task 2: For both the Academic and General Training versions, Task 2 is a more extended essay or argumentative writing task. Test takers are presented with a topic or question and are required to present and support their opinion, discuss both sides of an issue, or analyze a problem. The task evaluates the ability to structure an essay logically, provide relevant examples and arguments, and express ideas clearly and coherently.
Candidates have 60 minutes to complete both Task 1 and Task 2. Task 2 carries more weight in terms of scoring and is often considered more challenging due to the depth of analysis and argumentation required. Both tasks are assessed based on various criteria, including task achievement, coherence and cohesion, lexical resource (vocabulary), grammatical range and accuracy, and overall writing quality.
Scores for the Writing module are reported on a band scale from 0 to 9, with half-band increments. The scores from both tasks are averaged to calculate the final Writing band score, which contributes to the overall IELTS band score. This score is commonly used for academic and immigration purposes, as well as for admission to educational institutions in English-speaking countries